The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on July 9, 1868.
It granted #citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the #United States,” which included former slaves recently freed. In addition, it forbids states from denying any person “#life, liberty or property, without #due process of law” or to “deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
The amendment had been rejected by most Southern states but was ratified by the required three-fourths of the states. Known as the “#Reconstruction Amendment.”
A notable passing…
Appropriate to this day we also remember Edmund S. Morgan, award winning historian and author, who has died at 97. Among his works…
It explores the paradox of slavery and freedom in colonial Virginia. For which he won the Society of American Historians’ Francis Parkman Prize, the Southern Historical Association’s Charles S. Sydnor Prize and the American Historical Association’s Albert J. Beveridge Award.
“To Morgan the simultaneous rise of slavery and freedom is the most cruel paradox of American #history. Americans revolted in 1776 to escape what some perceived as the tyrannies of Englishmen, but even as the #revolutionaries boldly professed themselves votaries of liberty and #equality, they perpetuated a labor system more oppressive in its exploitation of men than any act of the British government.”